Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using CTPS1 Antibody.
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v nonfat dry milk, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 263
CTPS1 Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of total CTPS1 protein. This antibody does not cross-react with CTPS2 protein.
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ala340 of human CTPS1 protein. Antibodies are purified by peptide affinity chromatography.
CTPS1 (cytidine triphosphate synthase 1 or CTP synthase 1) catalyzes the conversion of UTP to CTP through ATP-dependent amination (1). Research studies show that pyrimidine biosynthesis is upregulated in pancreatic cancer cell models of resistance to gemcitabine, a deoxycytidine analog. Increased pyrimidine biosynthesis leads to elevated levels of endogenous dCTP, which outcompetes gemcitabine from incorporating into DNA during replication and, therefore, reduces the anti-cancer effectiveness of gemcitabine. Induction of CTPS1 expression was observed in gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cell models. Gemcitabine resistance directly correlates with CTPS1 expression levels in various pancreatic cancer cell lines (2). Furthermore, CTPS1 expression was shown to increase in T cells upon T-cell receptor activation, suggesting a critical role of CTPS1 in the immune system (3).
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