Western blot analysis of extracts from wild-type mES cells (mES/H3.3 WT) and K9M-mutant histone H3.3 knock-in mES cells (mES/H3.3 K9M), using Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) Antibody (upper) and Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb #4499 (lower). As expected, the Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) Antibody only detects the K9M mutant histone H3.3 protein and not the wild-type H3.3 protein. Cell lines were generously provided by Dr. Konrad Hochedlinger at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, either mock transfected (-) or transfected (+) with Myc-tagged wild-type histone H3 (Myc-Histone H3 WT) or Myc-tagged K9M mutant histone H3 (Myc-Histone H3 K9M), using Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) Antibody (upper), Myc-Tag (71D10) Rabbit mAb #2278 (middle), and Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb #4499 (lower). As expected, the Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) Antibody only detects the Myc-tagged K9M mutant histone H3 protein and not the Myc-tagged wild-type histone H3 or endogenous wild-type histone H3 proteins. This antibody does detect endogenous levels of K9M mutant histone H3 protein.
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of K9M mutant histone H3.1, H3.2, and H3.3 proteins. The antibody does not cross-react with wild-type histone H3.1, 3.2, or 3.3.Species Reactivity:
Human, MouseSpecies predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to K9M mutant sequence of human histone H3.3 protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Multiple exome sequencing analyses have uncovered a high frequency of histone H3 driver mutations in a number of different cancers, including diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), chondroblastoma, sarcomas, and HPV-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Previous studies have shown that lysine to methionine histone mutations in these cancers act as potent inhibitors of their respective lysine methyltransferases, resulting in gross alterations to the histone methylation landscape and deregulation of gene expression. In DIPG for example, the histone H3 K27M mutation is accompanied by a dramatic reduction in the levels of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2)-mediated trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27, changes in the distribution of PRC2 on the genome, and altered expression of genes associated with various cancer pathways (1-3). In chondrocytomas, the histone H3 K36M mutation functions to inhibit the WHSC1 (MMSET) and SETD2 histone methyltransferases, resulting in a reduction in the levels of histone H3 lysine 36 tri-methylation and deregulation of a number of cancer-associated genes (4). Similar to the H3K27M and H3K26M mutations, the histone H3 K9M mutation has been shown to inhibit the H3K9-directed histone methyltransferase G9a, resulting in reduced levels of histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation. Given the widespread role of G9a in the regulation of gene expression, it is likely that this K9M mutation also plays a role in cancer.
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