Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells using Phospho-Histone H3 (Ser10) (D2C8) XP® Rabbit mAb versus propidium iodide (DNA content). The boxed population indicates Phospho-Histone H3 (Ser10) positive cells.
Flow cytometric analysis of human peripheral blood lymphocytes using Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb (blue) compared to Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (red). Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L), F(ab')2 Fragment (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) #4414 was used as a secondary antibody.
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells using Phospho-Histone H3 (Ser10) (D2C8) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments have been labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells using Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb (green) and β-Tubulin (9F3) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) #2116 (red).
Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, either untreated or treated with nocodazole (100 ng/ml for 18 hours), using Phospho-Histone H3 (Ser10) (D2C8) XP® Rabbit mAb #3377 (upper) or Histone H3 Antibody #9715 (lower). Phospho-specificity of the antibody is shown by further treatment of the lysate with λ phosphatase.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb.
|Phospho-Histone H3 (Ser10) (D2C8) XP® Rabbit mAb 3377||100 µl||H M R Mk Z||17||Rabbit IgG|
|Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb 4499||100 µl||H M R Mk||17||Rabbit IgG|
Modulation of chromatin structure plays an important role in the regulation of transcription in eukaryotes. The nucleosome, made up of DNA wound around eight core histone proteins (two each of H2A, H2B, H3, and H4), is the primary building block of chromatin (1). The amino-terminal tails of core histones undergo various post-translational modifications, including acetylation, phosphorylation, methylation, and ubiquitination (2-5). These modifications occur in response to various stimuli and have a direct effect on the accessibility of chromatin to transcription factors and, therefore, gene expression (6). In most species, histone H2B is primarily acetylated at Lys5, 12, 15, and 20 (4,7). Histone H3 is primarily acetylated at Lys9, 14, 18, 23, 27, and 56. Acetylation of H3 at Lys9 appears to have a dominant role in histone deposition and chromatin assembly in some organisms (2,3). Phosphorylation at Ser10, Ser28, and Thr11 of histone H3 is tightly correlated with chromosome condensation during both mitosis and meiosis (8-10). Phosphorylation at Thr3 of histone H3 is highly conserved among many species and is catalyzed by the kinase haspin. Immunostaining with phospho-specific antibodies in mammalian cells reveals mitotic phosphorylation at Thr3 of H3 in prophase and its dephosphorylation during anaphase (11).
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