Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using MBNL2 Antibody.
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
MBNL2 Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of total MBNL2 protein. This antibody does not cross-react with MBNL1 protein.Species Reactivity:
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Gly119 of human MBNL2 protein. Antibodies are purified by peptide affinity chromatography.
Alternative splicing is a crucial biological process that promotes protein diversity and provides cells with an additional mechanism to regulate the expression of tissue-specific protein isoforms. Muscleblind-like proteins (MBNLs) are one such protein family responsible for tissue-specific alternative splicing regulation. MBNLs bind pre-mRNA through an evolutionarily conserved zinc finger domain, and act as either activators or repressors of splicing on specific pre-mRNA targets by promoting the inclusion or exclusion of exons (1). MBNLs are functionally antagonistic to CUG-BP and ETR-3-like factors (CELF proteins) that also control pre-mRNA splicing. The interplay between MBNL and CELF activity plays a key role in development, where predominant MBNL activity promotes adult differentiation, and predominant CELF activity promotes embryonic splicing patterns (1). Three MBNL homologs are expressed in humans (MBNL1, MBNL2, and MBNL3) that share similar structure and function, yet differ in their tissue- and developmental stage-specific expression patterns (2). MBNL1 is the predominant isoform in the majority of tissue, including muscle, and is therefore the most well characterized. MBNL2 is the predominant homolog in brain, and exhibits increased expression upon functional loss of MBNL1 in other tissue types, suggesting a compensatory role (3). MBNL3 appears to play a more specialized role, where it inhibits muscle differentiation in muscle precursor cells (4). Functional loss of MBNLs is observed in myotonic dystrophy (DM), where pathological repeats in the 3’-UTR of the myotonic dystrophy protein kinase (DMPK) gene or intron 1 of the cellular nucleic acid binding protein (CNBP) gene result in toxic RNA hairpins that sequester MBNLs in nuclear foci. This loss of available MBNLs causes an adult-to-fetal shift in alternative splicing patterns and ultimately results in respiratory and cardiac complications observed in DM patients (2,5).
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