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14085
PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb
Primary Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibody

PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb #14085

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Citations (4)
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  1. WB
  2. IP
  3. IF
Western Blotting Image 1: PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb

Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb.

Immunoprecipitation Image 1: PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb

Immunoprecipitation of PHB2 from HeLa cell extracts using using Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (lane 2) or PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb (lane 3). Lane 1 is 10% input. Western blot analysis was performed using PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb.

Immunofluorescence Image 1: PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HT-1080 cells using PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb (green) and β-Actin (8H10D10) Mouse mAb #3700 (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

To Purchase # 14085S
Product # Size Price
14085S
100 µl $ 268

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H M R
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa) 33
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • W-Western
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Western Blotting 1:1000
Immunoprecipitation 1:50
Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry) 1:200

Storage

Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Protocol

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Western Blotting Protocol

For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.

A. Solutions and Reagents

From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. 10X Tris Buffered Saline (TBS): (#12498) To prepare 1 L 1X TBS: add 100 ml 10X to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  3. 1X SDS Sample Buffer: Blue Loading Pack (#7722) or Red Loading Pack (#7723) Prepare fresh 3X reducing loading buffer by adding 1/10 volume 30X DTT to 1 volume of 3X SDS loading buffer. Dilute to 1X with dH2O.
  4. 10X Tris-Glycine SDS Running Buffer: (#4050) To prepare 1 L 1X running buffer: add 100 ml 10X running buffer to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  5. 10X Tris-Glycine Transfer Buffer: (#12539) To prepare 1 L 1X Transfer Buffer: add 100 ml 10X Transfer Buffer to 200 ml methanol + 700 ml dH2O, mix.
  6. 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): (#9997) To prepare 1 L 1X TBST: add 100 ml 10X TBST to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  7. Nonfat Dry Milk: (#9999).
  8. Blocking Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% w/v nonfat dry milk; for 150 ml, add 7.5 g nonfat dry milk to 150 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  9. Wash Buffer: (#9997) 1X TBST.
  10. Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA): (#9998).
  11. Primary Antibody Dilution Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% BSA; for 20 ml, add 1.0 g BSA to 20 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  12. Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack: (#7727).
  13. Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (11-190 kDa): (#13953).
  14. Blotting Membrane and Paper: (#12369) This protocol has been optimized for nitrocellulose membranes. Pore size 0.2 µm is generally recommended.
  15. Secondary Antibody Conjugated to HRP: Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7074).
  16. Detection Reagent: SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883).

B. Protein Blotting

A general protocol for sample preparation.

  1. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Aspirate media from cultures; wash cells with 1X PBS; aspirate.
  3. Lyse cells by adding 1X SDS sample buffer (100 µl per well of 6-well plate or 500 µl for a 10 cm diameter plate). Immediately scrape the cells off the plate and transfer the extract to a microcentrifuge tube. Keep on ice.
  4. Sonicate for 10–15 sec to complete cell lysis and shear DNA (to reduce sample viscosity).
  5. Heat a 20 µl sample to 95–100°C for 5 min; cool on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 5 min.
  7. Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).

    NOTE: Loading of prestained molecular weight markers (#13953, 5 µl/lane) to verify electrotransfer and biotinylated protein ladder (#7727, 10 µl/lane) to determine molecular weights are recommended.

  8. Electrotransfer to nitrocellulose membrane (#12369).

C. Membrane Blocking and Antibody Incubations

NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.

I. Membrane Blocking

  1. (Optional) After transfer, wash nitrocellulose membrane with 25 ml TBS for 5 min at room temperature.
  2. Incubate membrane in 25 ml of blocking buffer for 1 hr at room temperature.
  3. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.

II. Primary Antibody Incubation

  1. Incubate membrane and primary antibody (at the appropriate dilution and diluent as recommended in the product webpage) in 10 ml primary antibody dilution buffer with gentle agitation overnight at 4°C.
  2. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  3. Incubate membrane with Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7074 at 1:2000) and anti-biotin, HRP-linked Antibody (#7075 at 1:1000–1:3000) to detect biotinylated protein markers in 10 ml of blocking buffer with gentle agitation for 1 hr at room temperature.
  4. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  5. Proceed with detection (Section D).

D. Detection of Proteins

Directions for Use:

  1. Wash membrane-bound HRP (antibody conjugate) three times for 5 minutes in TBST.
  2. Prepare 1X SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883) by diluting one part 2X Reagent A and one part 2X Reagent B (e.g. for 10 ml, add 5 ml Reagent A and 5 ml Reagent B). Mix well.
  3. Incubate substrate with membrane for 1 minute, remove excess solution (membrane remains wet), wrap in plastic and expose to X-ray film.

* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.

posted June 2005

revised June 2020

Protocol Id: 10

Immunoprecipitation

Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with Milli-Q or equivalently purified water.

  1. 1X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) (#9808, 20X PBS)
  2. 1X Cell Lysis Buffer (#9803, 10X Cell Lysis Buffer): 20 mM Tris (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, 1% Triton X-100, 2.5 mM Sodium pyrophosphate, 1 mM β-glycerophosphate, 1 mM Na3VO4, 1 μg/ml Leupeptin
    NOTE: Add 1 mM PMSF immediately prior to use.
  3. Protein A Beads: Use Protein A (#8687) for rabbit IgG pull down.
  4. 3X SDS Sample Buffer: 187.5 mM Tris-HCl (pH 6.8 at 25°C), 6% w/v SDS, 30% glycerol, 150 mM DTT, 0.03% w/v bromophenol blue. (#7722, Blue Loading Buffer Pack)
  5. Magnetic Separation Rack (#7017)

Preparing Cell Lysates

  1. Aspirate media. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. To harvest cells under nondenaturing conditions, remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 ml ice-cold 1X cell lysis buffer to each plate (10 cm) and incubate the plates on ice for 5 minutes.
  4. Scrape cells off the plates and transfer to microcentrifuge tubes. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate samples on ice three times for 5 seconds each.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 10 minutes at 14,000 X g, 4°C, and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. If necessary, lysate can be stored at –80°C.

Immunoprecipitation

Optional: It may be necessary to perform a lysate pre-clearing step to reduce non-specific binding to the Protein A magnetic beads (See section below).

  1. Take 200 μl cell lysate and add primary antibody. Incubate with gentle rocking overnight at 4°C.
  2. Vortex the stock tube briefly to resuspend the magnetic beads.
  3. Pre-wash the protein A magnetic beads by adding 30-50 μl of bead slurry to a clean tube containing 500 μl 1X cell lysis buffer. Vortex and place the tube in a magnetic separation rack for 10-15 seconds. Once the solution is clear, carefully remove all of the supernatant.
  4. Transfer the lysate and antibody (immunocomplex) solution to the tube containing the washed magnetic bead pellet. Incubate with gentle rocking for 10-30 minutes at room temperature.
  5. Place the tubes containing the beads in the magnetic separation rack and wait 10-15 seconds for the solution to clear before carefully removing the supernatant. Wash pellet 3 times with 500 µl of 1X cell lysis buffer.
  6. Resuspend the pellet with 20-40 μl 3X SDS sample buffer and vortex.
  7. Heat the sample to 95–100°C for 5 minutes and microcentrifuge for 1 minute at 14,000 X g.
  8. Load the sample (15–35 μl) on SDS-PAGE gel.
  9. Analyze sample by Western blotting (follow protocol specific to primary antibody).

Cell Lysate Pre-Clearing (Optional)

  1. Take 200 μl cell lysate and add to pre-washed Protein A or G magnetic beads (see step section C, steps 2 and 3).
  2. Incubate at room temperature for 10-30 minutes or at 4°C for 1-2 hours.
  3. Using a magnetic separation rack, separate the beads from the lysate, transfer the pre-cleared lysate to a clean tube and discard the magnetic bead pellet.
  4. Proceed to step 1 of Immunoprecipitation.

NOTE: For proteins with molecular weights in the range of around 50 kDa, we recommend using Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Light-Chain Specific) (L57A3) mAb #3677 or Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb #3678 as a secondary antibody to minimize interference produced by denatured heavy chains. For proteins with molecular weights in the range of around 25 kDa, Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb #3678 is recommended to minimize interference produced by denatured light chains.

posted December 2011

protocol id: 125

Protocol Id: 125

Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (9808) To prepare 1L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix. Adjust pH to 8.0.
  2. Formaldehyde: 16%, methanol free, Polysciences, Inc. (cat# 18814), use fresh and store opened vials at 4°C in dark, dilute in 1X PBS for use.
  3. Methanol, 100%
  4. Blocking Buffer (1X PBS / 5% normal serum / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 0.5 ml normal serum from the same species as the secondary antibody (e.g., Normal Goat Serum (#5425)) and 0.5 mL 20X PBS to 9.0 mL dH2O, mix well. While stirring, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100.
  5. Antibody Dilution Buffer (1X PBS / 1% BSA / 0.3% Triton X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100 to 10 ml 1X PBS. Mix well then add 0.1 g BSA (9998), mix.
  6. Recommended Fluorochrome-conjugated Anti-Rabbit secondary antibodies:

  7. Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent (#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).

B. Specimen Preparation - Cultured Cell Lines (IF-IC)

NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multiwell plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.

  1. Aspirate liquid, then cover cells to a depth of 2–3 mm with 4% formaldehyde in 1X PBS.
    NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in fume hood.
  2. Allow cells to fix for 15 minutes at room temperature.
  3. Aspirate fixative, rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 minutes each.
  4. Proceed with Immunostaining (Section C).

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.

  1. Methanol Permeabilization Step: Cover cells with ice-cold 100% methanol (use enough to cover completely to a depth of 3–5 mm, DO NOT LET DRY), incubate in methanol for 10 minutes at –20°C, rinse in 1X PBS for 5 minutes.
  2. Block specimen in Blocking Buffer for 60 minutes.
  3. While blocking, prepare primary antibody by diluting as indicated on product webpage in Antibody Dilution Buffer.
  4. Aspirate blocking solution, apply diluted primary antibody.
  5. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  6. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 minutes each.
  7. Incubate specimen in fluorochrome-conjugated secondary antibody diluted in Antibody Dilution Buffer for 1–2 hours at room temperature in dark.
  8. Rinse in 1X PBS as in step 6.
  9. Coverslip slides with Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent (#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).
  10. For best results examine specimens immediately using appropriate excitation wavelength. For long term storage, store slides flat at 4°C protected from light.

posted November 2006

revised December 2010

Protocol Id: 32

Specificity / Sensitivity

PHB2 (E1Z5A) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total PHB2 protein.

Species Reactivity:

Human, Mouse, Rat

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the amino terminus of human PHB2 protein.

Background

The prohibitins PHB1 and PHB2 are highly conserved, multifunctional proteins present in eukaryotic nuclear and mitochondrial compartments (1). Prohibitin-2 (PHB2, REA) was originally identified as an estrogen receptor-specific coregulator. PHB2 directly interacts with hormone-bound estrogen receptor and represses its transcriptional activity through competitive inhibition of Src-1 coactivation of the estrogen receptor (2,3). Together with COUP transcription factors, PHB2 interacts with histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC5 to mediate transcriptional regulation by the estrogen receptor through coupling the deacetylase to the transcription activation complex (4). Prohibitin PHB1/PHB2 heterodimers form large ring complexes on the mitochondrial membrane (5) and act as chaperones to stabilize mitochondrial proteins, such as OPA1 and Hax1, to support mitochondrial morphogenesis and protect against apoptosis (6-8).

  1. Mishra, S. et al. (2006) J Cell Mol Med 10, 353-63.
  2. Montano, M.M. et al. (1999) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96, 6947-52.
  3. Delage-Mourroux, R. et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 35848-56.
  4. Kurtev, V. et al. (2004) J Biol Chem 279, 24834-43.
  5. Tatsuta, T. et al. (2005) Mol Biol Cell 16, 248-59.
  6. Nijtmans, L.G. et al. (2000) EMBO J 19, 2444-51.
  7. Merkwirth, C. et al. (2008) Genes Dev 22, 476-88.
  8. Kasashima, K. et al. (2006) J Biol Chem 281, 36401-10.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

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