Western blot analysis of extracts from COS cells, untransfected (lane 1), transfected with Wild-type LIMK1 (lanes 2 and 3) or with LIMK1 T508A mutant (lanes 4 and 5), using Phospho-LIMK1 (Thr508)/LIMK2 (Thr505) Antibody (top), LIMK1 Antibody #3842 (middle) or HA-Tag (262K) mAb #2362 (bottom). Cells were either untreated (lanes 1, 2 and 4) or treated with PMA (lanes 3 and 5). (Triple HA-tagged LIMK1 plasmids kindly provided by Dr. K. Mizuno, Biological Institute, Tohoku University, Japan.)
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
Phospho-LIMK1 (Thr508)/LIMK2 (Thr505) Antibody detects transfected levels of LIMK1 and LIMK2 only when phosphorylated at threonine 508 or 505.Species Reactivity:
HumanSpecies predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Thr508 of human LIMK1. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
LIM kinases (LIMK1 and LIMK2) are serine/threonine kinases that have two zinc finger motifs, known as LIM motifs, in their amino-terminal regulatory domains (1). LIM kinases are involved in actin cytoskeletal regulation downstream of Rho-family GTPases, PAKs, and ROCK (2,3). PAK1 and ROCK phosphorylate LIMK1 or LIMK2 at the conserved Thr508 or Thr505 residues in the activation loop, increasing LIMK activity (3-5). Activated LIM kinases inhibit the actin depolymerization activity of cofilin by phosphorylation at the amino-terminal Ser3 residue of cofilin (6,7).
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