Western blot analysis of extracts from human platelets, K562, and HCT116 lysate using TGF-β Antibody (upper) and
α-Actinin (D6F6) XP® Rabbit mAb (lower) #6487.
Western blot analysis of recombinant human TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 and TGF-beta3, using TGF-beta Antibody.
|REACTIVITY||H M R|
|MW (kDa)||12, 25, 45 to 65|
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 10
TGF-beta Antibody detects recombinant TGF-β1, TGF-β2, and TGF-β3. The antibody also detects endogenous levels of the TGF-β1 precursor proteins.
Human, Mouse, Rat
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with synthetic peptide corresponding to a region in the carboxy terminus of TGF-beta1. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily members are critical regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation, developmental patterning and morphogenesis, and disease pathogenesis (1-4). TGF-β elicits signaling through three cell surface receptors: type I (RI), type II (RII), and type III (RIII). Type I and type II receptors are serine/threonine kinases that form a heteromeric complex. In response to ligand binding, the type II receptors form a stable complex with the type I receptors allowing phosphorylation and activation of type I receptor kinases (5). The type III receptor, also known as betaglycan, is a transmembrane proteoglycan with a large extracellular domain that binds TGF-β with high affinity but lacks a cytoplasmic signaling domain (6,7). Expression of the type III receptor can regulate TGF-β signaling through presentation of the ligand to the signaling complex. The only known direct TGF-β signaling effectors are the Smad family proteins, which transduce signals from the cell surface directly to the nucleus to regulate target gene transcription (8,9).
There are three TGF-beta family members, designated TGF-β1, TGF-β2, and TGF-β3, which are encoded by distinct genes and are expressed in a tissue specific manner (10). TGF-β proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins that are cleaved and reassembled in association with other proteins to form latent complexes. Activation occurs by proteolytic release of TGF-β monomers, which dimerize to form the mature TGF-β ligands.
Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.
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