The Cellular Glutathione Detection Assay Kit employs the cell permeable dye monochlorobimane (MCB) to detect reduced glutathione (GSH) in cellular assays. MCB displays a high affinity for reduced glutathione and exhibits a very low fluorescent yield when free in solution. Upon binding to GSH, the dye exhibits a strong blue fluorescence that can be measured at an excitation wavelength of 380 nm and an emission wavelength of 460 nm. Fluorescent intensity correlates with sample GSH level. This kit can be used to either label cells directly or to detect GSH level in cell extracts. The assay can be easily applied in high throughput plate-format, flow cytometry, or fluorescent imaging.
The Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (II) is a fluorescent assay that detects the mitochondrial membrane potential in living cells. The kit includes the cationic dye TMRE (tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester perchlorate) and a mitochondrial membrane potential disruptor CCCP (carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone). TMRE is a cell membrane permeable, fluorescent dye that accumulates in intact mitochondria. Depolarized or inactive mitochondria exhibit decreased membrane potential, resulting in reduced TMRE accumulation.
The Annexin V-FITC Early Apoptosis Detection Kit enables researchers to identify early apoptotic cells within a cell population. Annexin V-FITC conjugated protein binds to cell surfaces expressing phosphatidylserine, an early apotosis marker. Cells stained with propidium iodide (PI), a non-cell-permeable DNA dye, indicate necrotic cells. Cells stained with both PI and annexin V-FITC demonstrate later stage apoptosis and early necrosis. This kit provides enough reagent to perform 100 assays, based on a 250 μl assay volume.