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Monoclonal Antibody Immunofluorescence Frozen Regulation of Locomotion

Also showing Monoclonal Antibody Immunofluorescence Frozen Negative Regulation of Locomotion

$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen)

Background: Ghrelin, also known as appetite-regulating hormone, is a neuropeptide hormone belonging to the motilin family. It is the ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1 (GHS-R), expressed by cells in the hypothalamic ventromedial nucleus and arcuate nucleus (1). Ghrelin is synthesized as a preprohormone by ghrelinergic cells in the gastrointestinal tract; proteolytic cleavage yields a 28-amino acid peptide hormone, which undergoes obligate n-octanoylation at serine 3 by the enzyme ghrelin O-acetyltransferase (GOAT) (2). Binding of n-octanoyl ghrelin to GHS-R stimulates growth hormone release, while simultaneously exerting multiple neuroendocrine affects that influence appetite, gastric motility and energy balance (3).

$111
20 µl
$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen), Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), Immunoprecipitation, Western Blotting

Background: α-Synuclein is a protein of 140-amino acids expressed abundantly in the brain. α-Synuclein is also the main component of pathogenic Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. Research studies have shown that mutations of the α-synuclein gene are linked to Parkinson's disease (1).

$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen), Immunoprecipitation, Western Blotting

Background: mGluR5, a metabotropic glutamate receptor, is a class C G protein-coupled receptor that signals through the Gaq/11-PLC-inositol 1,4,5 triphosphate pathway (1). mGluR5 is comprised of a large N-terminal extracellular domain, seven transmembrane domains, and a C-terminal intracellular domain. Glutamate binding to mGluR5 leads to an increase in intracellular calcium levels and stimulation of PKC activity (2). In neurons, mGluR5 is found in the post-synapse, in a complex with NMDA receptors, PSD-95, SHANK, and Homer (3). mGluR5 is also expressed in microglia and astrocytes (4). Neuronal mGluR5 has been shown to interact with amyloid beta oligomers, and mGluR5 antagonists exhibit neuroprotective effects (5) placing mGluR5 as a potential therapeutic target for Alzheimer’s disease. In glial cells, mGluR5 appears to play an anti-inflammatory role by negatively regulating the release of inflammatory factors (6).

$129
20 µl
$303
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen), Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)

Background: Adenosine Receptor A2a (A2AR) is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). As a member of the purinergic adenosine receptors (A1, A2, and A3), A2AR activates classic G-protein signaling pathways upon binding of adenosine (1). Adenosine is present in all cells and extracellular fluids. Adenosine signaling, via A2AR, is mobilized during both physiological and pathological conditions. For example, adenosine, via A2AR, modulates neuronal function, acting to fine-tune neuronal function (2). A2AR function is modulated, in part, by its ability to form functional heteromers with other GPCRs, including dopamine receptors (D1 and D3), metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR5), and others (3). In the brain, A2AR is enriched in the basal ganglia, suggesting that A2AR may be a potential drug target for neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s disease, drug addiction, and psychiatric disorders (4). Outside of the brain, A2AR may act as an immune checkpoint molecule to maintain an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, an environment that exhibits relatively elevated adenosine levels (5, 6).

$122
20 µl
$293
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen), Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), Immunoprecipitation, Western Blotting

Background: α-Synuclein is a protein of 140-amino acids expressed abundantly in the brain. α-Synuclein is also the main component of pathogenic Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. Research studies have shown that mutations of the α-synuclein gene are linked to Parkinson's disease (1).

$122
20 µl
$303
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen), Immunoprecipitation, Western Blotting

Background: α-Synuclein is a protein of 140-amino acids expressed abundantly in the brain. α-Synuclein is also the main component of pathogenic Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. Research studies have shown that mutations of the α-synuclein gene are linked to Parkinson's disease (1).