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Rat Card Domain Binding

$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Western Blotting

Background: CARD11/Carma1/Bimp3 belongs to the MAGUK (membrane-associated guanylate kinase) family that typically function as molecular scaffolds in the assembly of multiprotein complexes (1,2). MAGUK family members contain an SH3 domain, a PDZ domain and a GuK domain homologous to guanylate kinase. In addition, CARD11 contains an amino-terminal CARD domain (caspase recruitment domain). This domain plays an important role in forming interactions with a number of proteins containing CARD domains that are involved in regulating apoptosis and NF-κB activation. CARD11 is predominately expressed in lymphocytes (1,2) and associates with the CARD domain of Bcl10. When overexpressed, CARD11 leads to the phosphorylation of Bcl10 and activation of NF-κB (1,2). CARD11 is constitutively associated with lipid rafts and is thought to function by recruiting Bcl10 and MALT1 and triggering the phosphorylation of IKKs (3,4). Several studies using the genetic disruption of CARD11 or dominant-negative mutations have demonstrated that it plays a critical role in NF-κB activation and lymphocyte signaling (4-7).

$303
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Western Blotting

Background: CARD11/Carma1/Bimp3 belongs to the MAGUK (membrane-associated guanylate kinase) family that typically function as molecular scaffolds in the assembly of multiprotein complexes (1,2). MAGUK family members contain an SH3 domain, a PDZ domain and a GuK domain homologous to guanylate kinase. In addition, CARD11 contains an amino-terminal CARD domain (caspase recruitment domain). This domain plays an important role in forming interactions with a number of proteins containing CARD domains that are involved in regulating apoptosis and NF-κB activation. CARD11 is predominately expressed in lymphocytes (1,2) and associates with the CARD domain of Bcl10. When overexpressed, CARD11 leads to the phosphorylation of Bcl10 and activation of NF-κB (1,2). CARD11 is constitutively associated with lipid rafts and is thought to function by recruiting Bcl10 and MALT1 and triggering the phosphorylation of IKKs (3,4). Several studies using the genetic disruption of CARD11 or dominant-negative mutations have demonstrated that it plays a critical role in NF-κB activation and lymphocyte signaling (4-7).

$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Monkey, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Western Blotting

Background: Receptor Interacting Protein 2 (RIP2) is a serine/threonine kinase with a carboxy-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD). Association of RIP2 with the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) causes activation of NF-κB and induction of apoptosis (1-3). Expression of RIP2 is induced in macrophages upon exposure to bacterial cell wall components, such as LPS. RIP2-deficient mouse models demonstrate that this kinase integrates and transduces signals for both the innate and adaptive immune system (4,5).

$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Immunofluorescence (Frozen), Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), Immunoprecipitation, Western Blotting

Background: The mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS, VISA) contributes to innate immunity by triggering IRF-3 and NF-κB activation in response to viral infection, leading to the production of IFN-β (1). The MAVS protein contains an N-terminal CARD domain and a C-terminal mitochondrial transmembrane domain. The MAVS adaptor protein plays a critical and specific role in viral defenses (2). MAVS acts downstream of the RIG-I RNA helicase and viral RNA sensor, leading to the recruitment of IKKε, TRIF and TRAF6 (3,4). Some viruses have evolved strategies to circumvent these innate defenses by using proteases that cleave MAVS to prevent its mitochondrial localization (5,6).

$260
100 µl
APPLICATIONS
REACTIVITY
Human, Monkey, Mouse, Rat

Application Methods: Western Blotting

Background: Nod1/CARD4 is a cytosolic protein structually related to Apaf-1 and plant drug-resistance proteins that has been implicated in apoptosis and inflammatory responses to certain pathogenic bacteria (1-3). It contains an amino-terminal caspase recruitment domain (CARD) that is linked to a central nucleotide-binding domain (NBD; also known as a NOD domain) and is followed by carboxy-terminal leucine-rich repeats (LRR) (1). Like Apaf-1, Nod1 induces apoptosis by a CARD/NBD-dependent activation of caspase-9 (1). The primary function of Nod1 is thought to be as a sensor for certain pathogenic microbes and triggering inflammatory responses including the activation of NF-κB and JNK pathways (4-6). The LRR of Nod1 appears to be involved in recognition of microbial components and the CARD domain induces NF-κB activation in cooperation with the CARD containing kinase, RICK/RIP2/CARDIAK (1,5,6). Mutations in Nod1 have been linked increased susceptibility to asthma (7) and inflammatory bowel disease (8).